The Mahdi Bagh Institution is a religious community which was founded by Maulana Malak Saheb and Maulana Badruddin Saheb in 1891.
As per the religious beliefs and faith, they believe in Allah and his Messenger, Prophet Mohammed (Peace Be Upon Him) as the last prophet on the face of the Earth. It is their belief that there is, at all times, a Command of Allah called ‘Amar’ to carry on His spiritual mission on Earth. The ‘Amar’ is transmitted from predecessor to successor by appointment which is termed ‘Nuss’, and the person to whom the Amar is transmitted by Nuss alone can carry on the mission in his time.
The basic belief of the members of the mission is to hold fast in love, reverence and submission to the rightful spiritual leader (the holder of the ‘Amar’) who comes in a chain of succession, with the predecessor nominating his successor. In this chain, the present holder of the ‘Amar’ for the followers of Malak and Badar is His Holiness Maulana Amiruddin Malak Saheb. He was preceded in the position of Daee (one who carries on the mission or Dawat) by Maulana Dr. Liva-e-Haque Saheb, Khan Bahadur Maulana Mohammed Ebrahim Riza Saheb and Maulana Hasan Noorani Saheb, all of whom took spiritual sustenance from the two founders, Hujjat-ur-Rabs Maulana Malak and Maulana Badar.
The followers believe that the ‘Amar’ was passed on from Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) to Maulana Ali and from him to Maulana Hasan as the First Imam and from him to Maulana Hussain and after him his line of Mustaquar Imams, i.e., the chain of Imams from father to son. As per the teachings of Maulana Malak Saheb as also as per the traditions and tenets of Dawoodi Bohras, it is believed that after the demise of the 20th Imam, Maulana Tayyab, the Imamat went into seclusion and the mission (Dawat) was carried on by his vicegerent Maulatena Hurrat-ul-Malekka who started the lineage of Daees by nominating Maulana Zoeb as the first Daee-ul-Mutlak – a chain of succession popularly known as the ‘Zoebi Silsila’ (lineage).
The Zoebi Silsila continued up to the 46th Daee, Syedna Badruddin Saheb, by nomination from predecessor to successor (which was not necessarily from father to son). After the demise of the 46th Daee, the mission went into seclusion and was continued in seclusion for a period of 52 years through four Mumalakeens, namely, Syedna Rehmatullah Malak Shah, Syedna Mohammad Ali Sultan Ali, Syedna Badruddin Hebatullah and Syedna Adamji Tayyebji.
Sometime in the year 1890 AD (Hijri 1308), a holy person named Janab Abdul Hussain Jeeva Bhai Saheb, aged about 19 years, who was in communion with the Imam of the time, Maulana Musa Saheb, had obtained permission (raza) from the latter to carry out the mission in the open.